06.03.2017 – Everyday objects

This weeks readings:

  • Making by Making Strange: Defamiliarization and the Design of Domestic Technologies”. In ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, Bell, Genevieve, Blythe, M. & Sengers, P. 2005. 12. 149-173.
  • What is Design? in Make Use: Scenario-Based Design of Human Computer Interactions The MIT Press. „the Process“, Carrol J M, (2000)
  • Ritual Machines I & II: Making Technology at Home, Kirk, David S., Chatting, D. J., Yurman P. & Bichard, J. 2016, In Proceedings of CHI ‘16
  • The Zimbabwe Bush Pump: Mechanics of a Fluid Technology, Marianne de Laet and Annemarie Mol. 2000, In Social Studies of Science. 30/2. 225–63
  • The Design of Everyday Things, Donald Norman. 1988. 54-80.
  • Learning from IKEA Hacking: “I’m Not One to Decoupage a Tabletop and Call It a Day., Daniela Rosner and Jonathan Bean, Proceedings of CHI’ 09.
  • Make it So, Shedroff, N. 2012, Rosenfeld Media

Conference papers (such as Ritual Machines I & II: Making Technology at Home) usually consist of 10-12 pages (sometimes 8). We as designers see different aspects of texts:

  • Idea
  • Motivation
  • Background
    • Related work
    • Market (what already exists)
  • Process
  • Audience
    • Workshops
    • User studies
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Lesson learned

Getting a quick overview on the topics isn’t always easy. It mainly depends on what you are looking for. In most cases we will focus on the process of the designers, and the problems that occurred during their work.

The Zimbabwe Bush Pump – Tobias Jud

starting this week, two students will have a presentation on a topic related to the readings. – Summary

Zimbabwe is a third world country located in Africa. Water is a rare resource in Zimbabwe, to prevent sicknesses or thirst, designers created the Zimbabwe bush pump. A pump that is designed to fit the needs of the local.

The locals not only receive the parts of the pump, they are also instructed to install this pump completely by themselves. Using a drill based on the Vonder Rig system, driven by just a few people, they are able to dig a hole deep enough, to find new water sources. After that they are able to assemble the pump on their own.

The Zimbabwe pump is a huge success, not because of its technology, but because it is fabricated completely in Zimbabwe, and with the instructions people know where to build the well and how to set up the pump. This pump builds the nation!

Feedback for Tobias:

  • spelling mistakes
  • missing sources on the slides

Defamiliarization – Michael Schönenberger

A presentation about repurposing and Jason Taylor – Summary

My presentation started with general questions about the text Making by Making Strange. I was inspired by the term Defamiliarization. Defamiliarization means change, rethink everyday objects and estranging them.
„This article argues that because the home is so familiar, it is necessary to make it strange, or defamiliarize it, in order to open its design space.“

Inspired by this sentence, I searched artists, who misused everyday objects and somehow came across Jason Taylor. A designer based in Great Britain. He was mainly famous for his brush furniture, but started in 2012 a project, where he would create an object everyday and share it on his blog. He documented 366 objects, which all were fabricated from random objects.
I learned from this example, that it may not always be the end product which is important, but the process of it.

Feedback for me:

  • shorter video
  • presenting more than one designer to that topic